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The strawberry we know is a European hybrid of two American varieties. It was born only two centuries ago, but during this time it managed to become the most widespread berry in our gardens and orchards. To be precise, large-fruited varieties of garden strawberries grow on the beds of most gardeners, the progenitors of which are considered to be American species: Chilean and Virginia. But nutmeg strawberries, or real strawberries, which are native to Northern and Central Europe, are used only in breeding, and are not grown in industrial volumes. Therefore, we, out of habit, will call garden strawberries strawberries.
Remembering strawberries, we immediately see bright, fragrant berries ripening on glades and hills warmed by the sun. But the tasty berry in our beds is the same strawberry, although it is much larger and differs from the forest one in taste.
Garden strawberries are herbaceous bushes with a height of 20 to 40 cm. The color of the fruit ranges from almost white (for example, in the Pineberry variety) to red and cherry. Depending on the nature of fruiting, all varieties are divided into ordinary, remontant, and the so-called neutral day. The most common are common, which ripen at the beginning of summer. These varieties are used in agriculture for industrial production.
Repaired and neutral daylight varieties are grown only in private gardens and are also used for scientific purposes.
Pineberry strawberries have a pineapple flavor
Single-fruiting strawberries are a classic that has been grown in the fields for more than a decade. All varieties of this berry give the main harvest once a summer. But there are many fruits and they are very tasty. Some varieties are able to give a little more berries after a while, but the second harvest has no serious industrial significance.
Ripening time depends on the selected variety... There are both early and super early and late varieties.
A striking representative of this group is the mid-early Asia strawberry. The harvest of this variety ripens in the last decade of May. Long-term storage of berries is convenient for industrial production, so the variety is grown both in open beds and in greenhouses. Asia is adapted to the continental climate, withstands frosts down to -17 aboutC. The main positive property of the variety is its resistance to spotting.
Strawberry of medium early variety Asia of Italian selection tolerates low air temperatures well
Alba strawberry ripens very early and is not afraid of frost. The long, bright red berries are easy to store. One bush is capable of producing about 1 kg of fruit per season.
Will delight you with early fruiting Clery, an Italian variety that produces berries 1.5–2 weeks later than Alba. The very sweet berries have a beautiful cherry color. At the same time, the bushes are capricious. To obtain a bountiful harvest, it is advisable to plant them under arcs and cover them with a film.
Yields in May and classic Elsanta. It is considered a reference variety, a sample for selection. Its fruits are large, glossy and very tasty. True, the climate of the middle zone is dangerous for her. Bushes often get sick, do not tolerate waterlogging and drought.
Elsanta strawberries are distinguished by their reference form
Low compact bushes of the Kama variety begin to bear fruit in mid-May. The first berries weigh up to 60 g, the next ones are already smaller. The berries hide under the leaves, but there are a lot of them - the bush gives up to a kilogram of fruit per season. The bright red ripe strawberries are a little sour, so you need to wait until they are fully ripe.
Kama strawberry has a characteristic strawberry aroma
Repairing strawberry varieties cannot provide such rich harvests as ordinary ones. But the duration of their fruiting allows you to collect delicious fragrant berries before the onset of cold weather, sometimes bushes with ripe fruits go under the snow. Those varieties that bear fruit only 2 times per season give more abundant yields. At the same time, the peak of fruiting falls on the second crop - in August - September.
For your information. Large-fruited strawberries usually bring two to three harvests, and small varieties are able to give berries continuously.
However, remontant strawberries are less strong and durable than regular varieties. After all, repeated or continuous fruiting depletes the plant. The beds with remontant strawberries are renewed from the end of July to the beginning of August, so that the bushes have time to take root by the beginning of autumn.
Repaired strawberries ripen quite early and end fruiting in late autumn. It is usually divided into small-fruited and large-fruited.
The small-fruited Dutch variety Baron Solemacher has sprawling bushes with a large number of peduncles. The baron cannot boast of large fruits, but his berries have a strong pleasant aroma. From a bush per season, you can get up to 0.5 kg of fruit.
Strawberries of the Baron Solemakher variety have flower stalks below the leaf level
Ali Baba is a high-yielding variety that gives many small, 3 - 5 g, bright berries. Powerful, but low bushes successfully winter, are not afraid of diseases.
The Ruyan variety also bears fruit well. Small bushes, however, produce rather large fruits. Juicy berries smell like wild strawberries. Strawberries easily endure winter, are not afraid of drought, and successfully resist diseases and pests.
Large-fruited include Queen Elizabeth, Moscow delicacy, San Andreas, Albion. One of the most successful varieties is Queen Elizabeth - Queen Elizabeth I. The first ripe berries appear in early June. Strong bushes give very little mustache, but the berries are large, hiding under the foliage. Tasty and fragrant strawberries reach a weight of 40-60 g, and some samples - up to 100 g. The harvest ripens throughout the warm period. Queen Elizabeth I is able to treat strawberries even on New Year's holidays if grown in a greenhouse.
On a note. There are two types of Queen Elizabeth variety: Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen Elizabeth II variety appeared later and has larger berries.
From mid-May until the beginning of frost, the Albion variety bred in America bears fruit. Bushes withstand weather changes well, successfully resist most diseases. Large, dark red, conical fruit, sweet and aromatic. By autumn, the dense pulp acquires a honey sweetness. The fruits tolerate transportation successfully, therefore they are often used for industrial cultivation.
Fruiting from May until the onset of frost hybrid variety Temptation. Its fruits weigh up to 30 g, have an original nutmeg flavor and are very beautiful. The bushes are used for decorative purposes.
Strawberry variety Temptation has a high yield
Juicy sweet berries of the Clery variety acquire a cherry color when fully ripe. Large berries, delicately smelling of strawberries, reach a weight of 40 g. Bushes are strong, spreading, with a lot of whiskers. Clery strawberries ripen in mid-May. It is distinguished by resistance to frost and drought, with good feeding it almost does not get sick.
Strawberries with neutral daylight hours have a bright future. In those places where the day is short, there is little heat and sun, such strawberries are indispensable. Like remontant, it is able to bloom and bear fruit all year round, if the bushes are moved to a heated greenhouse in cold weather. The difference between these two types is as follows. In remontant varieties, the formation of flower buds occurs several times per season, and in varieties of neutral daylight hours - continuously. Therefore, remontant strawberries bear fruit from 2 to 4 times a season (depending on the variety), and strawberries of a neutral day yield constantly. Here are some examples of these varieties:
Queen Elizabeth II (Lisa). Fragrant sweet berries with firm pulp are round or conical. The bushes produce few whiskers, which makes it easier to care for the plants. But Elizabeth II requires abundant timely watering. An additional plus is that the plant practically does not suffer from fungal diseases.
The first ripe berries appear at the end of May, and fruiting continues until the very frost. At the same time, one bush is capable of producing up to 1.5 kg of harvest. They can be planted frequently, up to 6 per square meter.
Strawberries of the Queen Elizabeth II variety tolerate thickened planting well
The Felicia variety is native to Turkey. Shrubs with glossy dark green leaves bloom with beautiful crimson flowers. The fruits are small but sweet and tender. The bushes bloom and bear fruit at the same time. The plant gives little whiskers, which facilitates care. Beautiful bushes can be used for decorative purposes.
Felicia strawberry flavor has citrus notes
Another successful variety from Turkey is Aisha. A large bush with bright green leaves gives a lot of whiskers that immediately begin to bloom. Large conical berries are fragrant and tasty. Fruiting continuously throughout the warm season, with the exception of 2 weeks after the first harvest. The variety is good because the bushes show immunity to diseases, and the berries successfully tolerate transportation.
Neutral varieties require special care, because the constant formation of berries greatly depletes the bushes. They cannot do without regular fertilization and timely watering.
For a private garden plot and for an extensive farm located in different climatic zones, you can choose the right varieties of garden strawberries. The variety of varieties obtained by breeders makes it possible to find the optimal solution for the greenhouse industry and for open beds.
The gardener is happy when the strawberries on the site give large elegant berries. A few berries - that's a full cup. A good harvest can be provided by both early-ripening, mid-ripening, and late varieties.
Khonei belongs to large-fruited varieties that give a large yield. This early maturing variety has a strong root system, the berries appear in the last decade of May. Fruiting lasts until mid-June. Fruits are bright red, classic strawberry shape - in the form of a cone with a slightly flattened nose. The bushes throw out a lot of whiskers that can be used for new plantings.
The medium-late variety Lord is capable of producing from each unit up to 2.5 - 3 kg of berries. The bushes reach a height of 60 cm, thick peduncles are strewn with bright red berries with a blunt end, which have a sweet and sour taste.
Mid-late high-yielding strawberry variety Lord is not picky about care
The mid-season Gigantella of Dutch selection is well known to summer residents. Sprawling sun-loving bushes require abundant regular watering, but the work will not be in vain. Large scarlet berries with dense pulp ripen in early June.
The Gigantella strawberry variety is one of the most favorite among gardeners
The most popular variety is Gigantella Maxi or Maxim. Berry of Dutch selection reaches 100 g in weight, has a sweet taste and smack of wild strawberries. The variety does not suffer during transportation, it is also suitable for freezing, since it does not lose its shape during defrosting. With good care and good weather, up to 3 kg of berries can be removed from one Gigantella bush for the entire period.
To have a strawberry harvest all year round, you need a heated greenhouse with good lighting. The choice of varieties for the greenhouse is especially important, since the installation of the necessary equipment will require significant costs. And a capricious strawberry requires a lot of work.
For greenhouses, self-pollinated neutral day varieties are the best option.
It is desirable that the large size of the fruit and continuous fruiting are combined with a pleasant taste of the berries. In the greenhouse, the varieties Elizabeth II, Baron Solemakher and Honey are often grown.
The Marshal variety is also good. It is convenient in that the fast-growing large leaves of the bushes shade the garden bed and prevent the growth of weeds. The variety that does not require regular watering produces delicious, sugary berries. Unpretentiousness and great taste make Marshall convenient for growing indoors.
The Marshal strawberry variety is unpretentious and fights weeds itself
If you plan to grow berries only during the season, and the purpose of installing the greenhouse is to get the harvest early, you can choose early ripening varieties for indoor ground, for example, Albu.
Bushes of medium size have few leaves, but the berries are large enough, conical in shape and bright red in color. The fruits tolerate transportation well. In combination with the resistance of the bushes to various diseases, the Alba variety is attractive for industrial cultivation.
The Dutch variety Sonata successfully resists spider mites, powdery mildew and rot. Delicate tasty berries tolerate transportation without loss, in addition, bushes of this variety are not afraid of strong temperature fluctuations.
Planting strawberries or garden strawberries not only provide healthy berries, but also serve as a decorative decoration. In the gardens, vertical ridges are formed from them, beautiful berry fields are planted on balconies.
For balcony breeding, it is best to choose remontant strawberries or neutral day strawberries. A delicious balcony variety is a Homemade delicacy. The berries are quite large, up to 5 cm wide. Fruiting lasts from the beginning of summer until the onset of frost. The variety requires careful maintenance. Young plants must be protected from condensation by regular ventilation. In the future, the bushes will need top dressing and timely watering. In their absence, the crop may die.
The bush of the Moscow delicacy variety is very beautiful. It is advisable to plant bushes in pots or flowerpots. Large strong peduncles with large bright berries will decorate the balcony, and the taste of the fruit is beyond praise. And berry picking begins within 4 - 6 months after sowing the seeds.
Strawberries of the Moscow delicacy variety are suitable for growing at home
The World Debut variety is also good, its low peduncles are densely covered with flowers and berries. The flowers are pale pink, and the berries are large, up to 35 g.
Tuscany blooming with bright pink flowers looks beautiful in a flowerpot. Compact plants are covered with flowers and small, elegant berries. The variety tolerates short droughts and light frosts without losses, and a fragrant crop is always abundant.
Beautiful fragrant berries appeared in our gardens not so long ago, but due to their taste and abundance of vitamins, they have attracted close attention. Breeders do not stop experimenting with varieties, and new ways of growing this berry crop are also emerging.
Vertical cultivation not only makes it easier to harvest and protect plantings from pests, but also very decorative. Vertical strawberry beds will become a real garden decoration. However, it is important to find the right varieties.
Vertical planting protects strawberry roots from pests
Vertical plantings are formed from remontant varieties or neutral day varieties. Ampel variants are also good. Their distinctive feature is the flowering of unrooted rosettes on the mustache.
It is convenient to grow in a vertical way Queen Elizabeth, Homemade delicacy, Honey. Curly Alba is good for these purposes.
Alba strawberries are suitable for vertical cultivation
Suitable for vertical beds and an old fruitful variety Geneva, bred in America. The remontant variety has large aromatic berries and high yields. Geneva produces berries 2 times per season, but it is distinguished by high stability of fruiting. She is not afraid of bad weather conditions, she is almost not affected by fungal and viral infections. Only gray rot is dangerous for her - a common fungal disease of strawberries.
In order to reveal all the positive qualities of the variety, to get a good harvest, it is advisable to opt for varieties intended for a specific region. This will allow you to get the maximum result with the least labor costs.
Industrial cultivation of strawberries requires specific varieties for each region.
Among the earliest in Belarus, Albion, Clery and Capri are doing well. The varieties Honey and Alba are widespread, but the bushes of the latter are affected by anthractosis and other fungal diseases.
The Clery strawberry belongs to the early varieties of Italian selection.
Asia ripens in Belarus in the middle. One of the most common varieties is Roxana... Glossy red-burgundy berries are very large, weighing up to 80 g. The very first ones can be even larger. The berries are conical in shape with a forked tip, very tasty. The variety is resistant to pests, well stored and transported.
The variety Syria is also grown in Belarus. Its fruits are small, even, weighing 23 g. The berries are sweet with sourness, well stored and transported. The disadvantages include susceptibility to bacterial infections, but the variety is resistant to fungi, not afraid of rainfall.
For cultivation in the Urals, it is worth choosing varieties that are resistant to rot, are not afraid of frost and rain, and early ripening. It is recommended to plant varieties with different ripening periods within the boundaries of one garden plot. It is advisable to choose several early-maturing varieties, several mid-season ones, add late and 1-2 remontant ones.
Of the early maturing in the Urals, Maria and Amulet have proven themselves well. Maria does not get sick with rot and spots, has a stable immunity to fusarium and ticks. A short bush with rich foliage is not afraid of late frosts. Delicate-smelling berries weighing up to 26 g have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight sourness.
Maria's strawberries are disease and pest resistant
The Amulet variety gives very tasty, sweet berries that ripen all at the same time. The bushes are resistant to fungal diseases, they are not afraid of the strawberry mite. Conical red berries weigh up to 30 g; per season, the bush is capable of producing up to 2 kg of fruit. The berries are good both fresh and for jam, they tolerate transportation well.
Of the mid-season, the Festivalnaya Chamomile variety is good, a distinctive feature of which is the stability of fruiting. The bushes are resistant to ticks, not afraid of drought and frost. The first berries reach a weight of 40 g, then they are reduced to 15 and even up to 8 g. The berries have an original taste, characteristic smell, are well stored and transported.
Festivalnaya chamomile strawberries are suitable for long storage
From the later, Lord spread in the region. Up to 3 kg of berries can be obtained from one bush, but this occurs only on mature bushes several years after planting.
Of the remontants in the Urals, Temptation and Festivalnaya have taken root. Festivalnaya is perfectly adapted to growing in the region. The berries ripen profusely before the onset of the rainy season, the variety successfully tolerates drought. Berries of the first harvest are weighing up to 45 g. The variety successfully resists all diseases, except for verticillosis.
The peculiarities of the climate and soils imply the cultivation in the region of late-ripening varieties that are resistant to fungal diseases, waterlogging, frost. Festivalnaya strawberry is doing well in the Leningrad Region. The Sudarushka variety is widespread; it is distinguished by frost resistance, good disease resistance, and abundant fruiting.
The Tsarskoselskaya variety, resistant to gray rot and verticillary wilt, is distinguished by a high yield. The strawberries are late but very tasty.
Tsarskoselskaya strawberry has an amazing taste
Albion, World Debut, Queen Elizabeth II, Khonei, Elsanta grow beautifully in the fertile climate of the Kuban.
Both on garden plots and on an industrial scale, the Zenga Zengana variety of German selection is grown. It tolerates winter well and is resistant to waterlogging. The berries are mostly small, 10 g each, but some reach 30 g. Sweet and sour berries smell like wild strawberries. 1 bush is capable of producing up to 1.5 kg of fruit. It suffers from rot and spotting, but it is resistant to powdery mildew.
Zenga Zengana strawberry variety is distinguished by compact seedlings
Elsanta, Festivalnaya chamomile, as well as many varieties of local selection grow well on the rich lands of Ukraine. The Peremoga variety is distinguished by a good yield; it belongs to strawberries of a neutral day. Fruiting from late May until late autumn. The berries are sweet and sour, fragrant, weighing about 15 g.
The medium-late variety Fakel is resistant to fungal diseases, is not afraid of drought, and winters well. The first sweet and sour berries reach a weight of 40 g.
Strawberry Fakel tolerates winter well
Elsanta and Sudarushka grow well in the Moscow region. Alba, Honey and Clery can be planted. It is also worth paying attention to the Darselect variety. Early variety, produces berries once, in mid-June. The average weight of berries is up to 30 g, although there are also larger ones, up to 60 g. Dense red berries have a sweet, slightly sour taste and smell pleasantly of strawberries. With careful care, 1 bush can produce up to a kilogram of berries.
You can also grow an interesting variety White Swede. The mid-season variety gives berries weighing about 23 g, white in color with a pinkish barrel. The ripening of the berries can be judged by the appearance of dark red seeds. The variety is resistant to droughts, diseases, well tolerates thaws and subsequent cold snaps. Delicate sweet and sour berries smell of strawberries and pineapple.
Strawberries of the Sudarushka variety have a cherry hue
The variety of varieties of garden strawberries allows you to choose the one suitable for any method of cultivation. A good choice of zoned varieties, proper planting and qualified care will allow you to get good yields even in areas where growing strawberries is difficult by climatic conditions. Delicious and healthy berries will decorate the table throughout the year, you just have to work hard.
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Garden strawberries or strawberries are a favorite of many. Its amazing aroma and taste, combined with a large amount of vitamins and minerals, attracts not only true gourmets, but also lovers of healthy food. This berry has been cultivated for a long time, but only thanks to the selection developments of recent decades, it was possible to obtain high-yielding varieties that are resistant to various climatic conditions.
When choosing a variety, you need to focus on information from the packaging and your own experience. There are both early and late varieties that allow you to get a large harvest. Remaining strawberries stand apart in this group, which will also be described in more detail below.
You cannot rely only on yourself, you need to listen to the opinion of experts and firmly decide which of the varieties is suitable for growing in your climatic zone.
Over the past decades, breeders have bred many varieties that differ in different winter hardiness, disease resistance, taste of berries, and fruiting period.
Let us consider varieties of strawberries of early, middle and late ripening, as well as varieties of remontant garden strawberries and a series of varieties of strawberries "Vima".
The right planting conditions are the key to a generous harvest.
For good growth and fruiting, strawberries need to provide a plot of fertile soil. Although the berry is not demanding on the soil, however, on rich humus soils, strawberries open in all their glory, give a good harvest and pleases with a pleasant taste and aroma of berries.
The ability of plants to rise again, bloom again, re-bear fruit in the current season is called remontance from fr. Remontant. In nature, a similar property of strawberries has been found among the Alpine meadows. The cultivation of garden forms of such plants was first begun in Italy. In the 16th century, the first remontant strawberry species were obtained by domestic breeders.
Now many types of berries are known, which give an additional harvest, allowing you to see this tasty berry at home for almost a whole year. On a separate bush, a lot of rosettes, inflorescences, are formed, giving a crop. It is very often used to decorate the site in the fantasy ideas of gardeners, landscape designers, it is the remontant strawberry. Here are the main and best varieties of remontant strawberries.
Photo: Strawberry variety Mara de Bois The French "guest", which appeared in 1991, has conical berries of an orange hue on the outside, white on the inside. Plants are short with short peduncles. The bush has a small number of outlets. These varieties of berries withstand well the winter conditions typical for central Russia. Fruits of the original taste, with an increased amount of sugar, grow at the height of the leaves. After ripening, they lie on the ground. 30 g - average berry size.
Photo: Strawberry variety Queen Elizabeth
There are two types of plants. The first variant was bred by Dutch breeders. The second was obtained thanks to the work of domestic specialists. Description of the variety: large, beautiful fruits, reaching up to 100 g of mass, have a relatively dense pulp, delicate taste. Harvests begin in the first growing season.
Strawberry variety Elizaveta is used in solving problems of original vertical gardening, on low beds with two row planting, alpine hills. To preserve large fruits, annual renewal is required.
Photo: Albion strawberry variety
Discovered by specialists from California. The patent was registered in 2006. A high-yielding, drought-resistant, disease-resistant species. Fruiting with a real harvest occurs in the second year of growth. Low frost resistance is considered a negative quality.
Experts recommend growing the Albion strawberry variety indoors, in a warm climate. It has high peduncles, dark red, glossy berries of large size that do not touch the ground. With effective care, 2 kg of fruits are harvested from the bush.
Photo: Strawberry variety Temptation Juicy, strong pulp has an original nutmeg taste. The size of the fruit reaches 40 g. It stands out for the height of the flower stems, beautifully towering above the bush. There is a possibility of easy maintenance in case of application for solving problems of decorative gardening. Grows well in pots, hanging planters. An adult bush grows up to 20 strong peduncles. The first crop arrives 40 days after planting. It is quite advisable to grow strawberries on the balcony. Varieties of this type are unpretentious and quite resistant to minor temperature changes.
Photo: Strawberry cultivar San Andreas
Frost-resistant, transportable, obtained by breeders in California. The Andreas strawberry variety has sweet, aromatic berries with an average size of about 30 g. Active fruiting lasts until October.
Photo: Strawberry variety Geneva
This strawberry variety is not new, but has proven its worth for decades. Strong and squat bushes form 5 to 7 whiskers. Long peduncles are inclined towards the ground. The shape of a truncated cone strawberry weighing 50 g. Taste without sourness, but not sugary-sweet. The pronounced aroma is felt from afar. Fruiting is long, but undulating.
Strawberries of the Geneva variety are capable of producing a crop in one area for up to 6 years with stable fruiting every year. There is no need to pull off the mustache: fruits are formed on them. Spring flowers can be removed to further increase yields.
Photo: Strawberry cultivar Selva Strawberries of this variety are super early. Fruiting takes place in waves: 3-4 times per season. Large bushes grow up to half a meter, but at the same time are compact. Peduncles hold fruit well, not sinking to the ground. Rounded-conical berries of deep dark red color weigh from 25 to 40 g. Sweet taste with hints of wild strawberry.
Selva strawberries can be grown as an ampel crop. She clings to the trellis with her mustache, creating a waterfall of berries and flowers. The variety is grown in pots and flowerpots, used for food and garden decoration.