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Reliable options for dealing with this insect and its larvae have been troubling many gardeners for quite some time. Endless damage, expressed in the destruction of strawberry bushes, root systems of trees and other plants, quite often creates a huge number of problems and disappointments for gardeners, which most of the work was in vain. Let's figure out how and how you can fight and protect the berry from the larvae of the May beetle.
The pest is considered a rather large insect. Its body is painted in black or red-brown shades, reaches three and a half centimeters in length. In the conditions of natural existence, he lives in forests and forest-steppes. Migration and breeding occur during the last month of the spring season. Having mated, the females burrow into the soil composition, where they lay their eggs. One individual is able to lay up to seven dozen eggs, then it dies. After about a month and a half, mobile larvae of white color, rather large, hatch. They seem to be twisted into a ball, which makes it easy to distinguish them from other pests.
Lkhrushch lives in the soil for three to four years, then turns into a pupa, outwardly resembling an adult. By the end of summer, a young beetle appears, remaining in the soil for the winter, and only in spring appears on the surface of the beds.
The main food for the larvae of the May beetle is strawberry plants. Pests chew on their root system with pleasure.
The pest is considered one of the most harmful to strawberries.... An adult insect, feeding on berries and foliage, does not cause much damage. The main danger is the larvae (crustaceans).
They are found as follows: if the plant begins to lag behind in growth, then it must be dug up. Most likely, thick curved white larvae will be found on the root system.
The most favorite pest treat is strawberries. To protect the berries from it, you must first of all follow one simple rule - while transplanting the bushes, carefully examine their root system. Having found the beetles, they should be carefully removed and destroyed.
It is they who, eating the roots, are the cause of the depletion of the plant, slow down its growth, and cause death from insufficient nutrition. In addition, pests on strawberries can cause tissue necrosis and various insect-borne infections.
How to deal with strawberry beetle? As a preventive measure, it is recommended to dig narrow grooves between the strawberry rows, treat (water) them with karbofos solution.
There are several more ways to fight:
When transplanting plants, dry mustard can also be added to the beds.
Many gardeners believe that the trunks of garden trees should be sown with white clover. This is due to the fact that nodule bacteria living on the roots of plants are able to absorb nitrogen from the air, while synthesizing protein. The nitrogen in the ground turns it into a place where the beetle cannot live. By completing a similar method of turfing, gardeners will be able to get rid of the harmful parasite without any problems, improving the quality of the fruit and their appearance. In addition, the clover sown near the trees will displace weeds and provide the root system with nitrogen.
But with chemical compositions, you should not be too zealous. They are used limitedly and carefully, and today many gardeners have abandoned this method, finding a good replacement for it.
Recently, biological compounds have become very popular, one of which is "Nemabakt". This insecticide is capable of killing beetles at an early stage. The basis of the biological product is a nematode, represented by a round microscopic worm... She can live in the soil, feeds exclusively on larvae, penetrating them and destroying them within a day, a maximum of three. Then the nematodes leave the corpse and look for their next victim. The drug is not considered harmful to humans and animals;
One of the most reasonable and effective ways to combat is to catch adult beetles. If we take into account that one female will lay a large number of eggs, then the rationality of this method is quite understandable and explicable. Several means of protection are known for catching beetles:
If, with the onset of spring, your garden plot was attacked by a May beetle, and the beetles are going to eat up strawberry leaves, you should not waste time. It is recommended that a dangerous insect resist stubbornly using the guidelines above. This is the only way to save the harvest.
There are several ways to get rid of beetle larvae on strawberries. They use folk remedies, chemical preparations, use agrotechnical, physical methods of struggle. It is rather difficult to remove the larva from the site, since it does not appear outside, it lives at different depths. The combined use of folk remedies, professional drugs helps to achieve the desired result.
It so happened that one of the signs of the arrival of spring is the appearance of May beetles, which by themselves do not do much harm to the crop. Trouble begins during the period when leaves appear on the birch - the time when the female insect starts laying eggs. The appeared larvae of the May beetle are capable of destroying plantings of vegetable and berry crops with enviable regularity for 3-4 years thanks to their powerful jaw. Their favorite delicacy is considered to be garden strawberries (strawberries), from which they gladly eat the root system. For many years, scientists have been looking for the most effective ways to get rid of the beetle larvae. It is quite difficult to get rid of this pest, since their habitat is in the deep layers of the soil. However, if both the larvae of the May beetle and the adults themselves are not destroyed in time, then you can be left without a crop and lose the plants themselves.
The fight against the larvae of the May beetle involves a complete digging of the soil. If they are in large numbers on the site, it is important to manually dig up the ground every year after harvest and before planting and independently select the larvae from the soil. This variant of the fight is the most effective, it makes it possible to get rid of the problem.
You should also plant white clover on the site in the spring.
Entomologists say that the beetle larva cannot tolerate nitrogen, and clover is able to absorb this substance from the air and accumulate it in the soil. Such a composition of the soil will scare off the larvae and will not allow them to burrow deep underground.
Besides clover, they dislike plants such as lupine and turnip. Adults do not like these plants either, so they will leave the site and will not reproduce on it.
The beetle larva is very fond of feeding on the root system of strawberries; these pests are capable of destroying almost all plantations during the growing season. Therefore, strawberries should be treated with a solution that consists of water and ammonia. You can process the bushes or fill the aisles. In addition to ammonia, Decis or karbofos are effective against larvae.
You can fight the beetle by digging the site in autumn and adding whiteness to the soil or treating it with a small amount of dry bleach. And before starting planting, in the spring, experts recommend scattering grated eggshells around the garden in order to get rid of the larvae.
A good result in order to get rid of the beetle larvae is the treatment of berry bushes with a mixture of water and onion husks. You should soak the onion peel in heated water, insist for several days. Water the berry bushes with a ready-made solution. This helps to effectively fight the beetle larvae.
A good effect in the fight is brought by the use of the nematode nematode, this substance is found in organic soil. It is necessary to purchase such soil at specialized points of sale. In addition to this means, other insecticides can also be used to combat - Bazudin, Aktar, Pochin. To eliminate the problem, they dig half-meter holes in the ground, fill them with a liquid mullein. Such a bait will not go unnoticed. Further, in the autumn, after the first frosts begin, manure is scattered over the entire plot of land along with the larvae. They will not survive wintering in such conditions and will die. This will get rid of the beetle.
There is another option for dealing with larvae - treating the earth with a solution of iodine before planting plants in the garden. Use just a couple of drops per 10 liters of water. This method is safe and simple. But if it turns out to be ineffective, the larva will continue to destroy the plants, then chemical agents should be used that are designed to combat pests. With careful processing, the larva will be destroyed. But when working with such products, you need to remember about safety (mask, gloves).
In the first year of life, the caterpillars are small and practically harmless, but gradually their gluttony grows and in the second year the larva of the May beetle eats up the roots of strawberries and, if you do not fight the pest and get rid of it, all the bushes can be destroyed very quickly.
Beetles like sandy soils, less common on clay soils. Females are more likely to lay eggs in loose soil, so they breed very quickly in well-groomed areas with rich fertile soil. If you do not get rid of them in time, only a few individuals can damage the roots of berry bushes over a large area. Most often, pests are spread around the site when fertilized with organic matter from compost heaps.
Do not overdo it with chemicals in the garden. All of these products should be used very carefully so as not to damage the plants.
These drugs include:
Today, a very popular remedy is "Nemabakt"... This drug is able to destroy pests in the ground even at the larval stage.
The basis of the remedy is a nematode - a round worm of microscopic size. It lives in the soil, feeds on larvae, penetrates the larva through a natural hole and destroys it in 24-72 hours.
After several days, thousands of new nematodes leave the corpse of the larva and go in search of new victims. This drug is not harmful to humans and pets. They do not touch earthworms and other beneficial insects.
The insect reproduces in different cultures by the relocation method. If the summer cottage is located near certain plantings, forests, then, probably, the owner should wait for the emergence of these pests, prepare for their appearance in advance.
The resettlement of the May beetle larvae takes place in a vertical position, therefore it is not always easy to find them in the ground. They will appear before our eyes no earlier than the next year.
On plants damaged by a bug, there are leaves with holes, bitten on the sides. More flowers, the ovaries seem to be nibbled. The level of culture is very lagging behind in growth, is able to dry completely.
Plants of a herbaceous species climb out of the soil with little stress. It is necessary to notice the beetle itself or its larva on the plant in order to clearly realize who is the pest itself.
Controlling the beetle larvae on strawberries is important. It must be withdrawn, otherwise the results can be extremely sad. Spoilage for crops from a bug is significant.
Getting rid of the pest is not an easy task due to the fact that the bug is located deep in the ground. Therefore, this problem requires an integrated approach.